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Turks Islands

                                                                                                                                      ., ·~

                                                                                                                                       J.:J  "~~.  CARTE'fj~E s
                                           A BRIEF CHRONOLOGICAL HISTORY
                                                                                                                                           (  - I SLES  T URQU E S

                       700 - 1492 :             The islands were first reached and inhabited                                                          ,  Echelle
                       by Taino and Arawak Indians some time in the second half of the                                                               o-lme LT~'lte ~ , .
                                                                                                                                                     Jiii    I   I   I
                       first Millennium A.O.                                                                                                                         J . .L

                       1492 - 1670's:           Although not fully substantiated, a  reasonable
                       argument can be made that Columbus's landfall was at Hawk's
                       Nest Bay on Grand Turk. By the time of Ponce de Leon's
                       documented arrival there in 1512, the local Indian (Lucayan)
                       population had already been all but wiped out. From the start of
                       the 17th century, Bermudan privateers were regularly calling
                       upon the islands to gather salt from the naturally formed
                       salinas, with the first permanent settlement stated to date from

                       1670's - 1780's:  During a period of significant pirate activity,
                       various attempts were made to take formal control of the                                                        TT/.,
                       Islands - either politically as by the Bermudans, or by force by                                                                                                                      IO  :?
                       the invading Spanish (1710) and the French (1753-4, and again                                                                                                                           .;:~
                       in the late 1770's) - but it was the Bahamas who gained legal
                       jurisdiction in 1766.                                _)

                        1780's - 1815:          In 1783, a young Nelson, in HMS Albemarle,
                       makes an unsuccessful attempt to remove a  French garrison
                       which had taken control of the fort at Fire Hill. The Islands are
                       restored to Great Britain under Treaty of Versailles. In late
                        1780's, loyalists from the wars in America are rewarded with                                                  :z.5
                       land grants on the Caicos Islands but their efforts to establish
                       agricultural crops meet with little success.

                        1815 - 1873 :           Return to focus on traditional salt industry but
                       growing dissatisfaction with the Bahamian government and their
                       fiscal policy leads to separation in 1848 and creation of a
                        Presidency under the supervision of Jamaica. Introduction of
                        postage stamps in 1867.
                                                                                                                                      2 1
                        1873 - 1900 :           Annexed to Jamaica in 1873. From a  philatelic                                                                                                                              --
                        point of view, officially become Turks &  Caicos Islands in 1900.
                        Population still less than 5'000.
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